Major Causes of Mortality In Kenya

Post Date: 20 April 2018   |   Category: Health   |   Hits: 504

Major Causes of Mortality Deaths
Globally, it is estimated that out of every 10 deaths, 6 are due to Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs); 3 are due to communicable, reproductive or nutritional conditions; and 1 is due to injuries . In Kenya, mortality trends reflect a similar pattern. According to the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) in 2016, the top leading causes of death were pneumonia, followed by malaria, cancer, HIV/AIDS, anemia, heart disease and lastly tuberculosis in that order, with contribution rates of 11%, 8%, 8%, 5%, 4% and 3% respectively. Generally, mortality rates have been on a downward trend with exception of deaths resulting from cancer, anemia and heart disease, reflecting a payoff from the major commitments by the Government towards reducing prevalence of diseases as articulated in the national policies . 
The Kenya Health Policy 2014-2030 Towards Attaining the highest Standard of Health highlights significant interventions that were implemented to address key challenges in the health sector such as maternal health, child health and nutrition, HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria, and the emerging threat of NCDs. The interventions included scaled up use of Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs), Intermittent Prophylaxis Treatment (IPT), and Inside Residual Spraying (IRS) for reduction in malaria infections. Other interventions included increased child health interventions and increased use of modern contraceptives. 

Number of the Week: 8 out of 100 

  •     Pneumonia displaced malaria in 2015 to be the current leading cause of deaths in Kenya. Total number of deaths due to pneumonia infection in 2016 were 21,295 representing a contribution rate of 11.5% of the total registered deaths.  
  •     Total deaths that were attributed to malaria in 2010 were 30,505 of the total 185,100 registered deaths. Over a period of 7  years, 2010 to 2016, the number reduced to 16,000 out of 190,637. This represents contribution rates of 16% and 8.6% respectively. 
  •     Deaths due to cancer infection have risen drastically from 11,995 to 15,762  from 2010 to 2016 representing an annual increase of 4.5%. The figures for 2016 also imply that out of 100 deaths at least 8 are caused by cancer compared to at least 6 in 2010.