This paper explores the diverse viewpoints of stakeholders on devolution and examines the implications of these recent changes in the micro- and macro-workings of Kenya through a political economy analysis framework. In what follows, interview results, are grouped into four thematic areas:
- Public service delivery and development outcomes;
- Revenue allocation and inter-governmental relations;
- Inclusion, public participation and role of civil society; and
- Expectations for devolution and possible future scenarios.
Key recommendations include:
- Conducting a Kenya-wide but county-specific needs assessment to identify priorities for each region while ensuring a sense of ownership for projects and empowering citizens to increase government transparency, monitor project implementation and hold stakeholders accountable to their roles and responsibilities within devolution.
- Continue to strengthen partnership between and among counties and encourage forward-thinking leadership to foster an optimistic outlook on devolution.
- Clarify roles between the counties and national government to prevent overlaps/duplication in functions and inefficient use of revenues.
- Follow best practices in the implementation of revenue allocation and public participation mechanisms.